What is BMI?

Body Mass Index or BMI is a person's body mass in kilograms divided by the square of his height in meters. This index is used to measure body fatness as we all know that a healthy body has a balanced ratio between body mass and height. So this balance is measured through body mass index to measure health; a higher index means more elevated fatness in the body.

If a person has a higher fitness level, he can face overweight or Obesity problems. Fat is an essential part of the body that helps to store energy. Still, it is more harmful than helpful when it exceeds a particular level because it affects other body functions like pumping, walking, and other vital functions.

Health professionals use this index to measure a person's health in the health industry. It is the easiest and most common method; you can do it yourself; your weight and height are all you have to know. Then, divide your mass with your body height and check your BMI on a BMI chart.

If you have a higher BMI, it should be according to these two parameters than you or overweight or obese.

History of BMI

Frederic Quentin Quetelet was a Belgian astronomer, mathematician, statistician, and sociologist who worked between 1830 and 1850 to construct what he termed "social physics." He is credited for developing the foundation of the BMI. Ancel Keys and colleagues invented the contemporary term "body mass index" (BMI) to refer to the relationship between a person's body weight and squared height in a study published in the July 1972 issue of the Journal of Chronic Diseases. As explained in this study, Keys said that the BMI, or body mass index, was "if not completely adequate, at the very least comparable to or better than any other relative weight index as a predictor of relative obesity."

Before the body mass index (BMI) was ever conceived over a century, people used it to measure their health. Individuals' height and weight were often measured when they reached adulthood to calculate a healthy BMI score. This measurement dates back centuries earlier, mainly when Belgian astronomer Adolphe Quetelet designed his social physics formula for statistical averages of human traits in 1830 and 1850.

Measuring people's height and weight to determine their health (and if they need to make significant changes) is a relatively new one. This measurement process was first invented by an Austrian scientist named Adolph Keys, who, in the early 1900s, observed that prosperous Western societies were seeing more and more cases of Obesity. While he came up with these measurements for general use, he warned that BMI was far better for determining population data than profiling individuals. His invention became widely used because it's relatively quick to measure someone's height and weight, and it's also easy to calculate.

Importance of BMI

Body Mass Index is important for many reasons, like:

We can also understand the importance of Body mass index by getting an idea about the risk factors associated with Obesity:

Risk Factors associated with Obesity

Hypertension or high blood pressure is one of the main risks that come with Obesity. As the accumulated fat stop or resist the blood flow in the veins of the body so the pressure in the body increase, and it comes with pain or rupture that can, in severe cases, paralyze the body part or can even lead to death.

Sugar Level

When the amount of fat increases in the body, it also increases the sugar level, causing many diseases. It can affect many vital organs like the liver, kidney, and mind. You can control your sugar level by eating food without sugar or natural sugar present in unprocessed food like fruits and other raw food.

High Cholesterol Level

When a body has a higher level of fat than usual, it causes an increase in cholesterol. This increase in the cholesterol level can affect the functioning of the body. For example, different body joints can cause pain and increase blood pressure, which is harmful.

In short, Obesity should not be tolerated. It should be reduced to an average level as soon as possible because it cause many diseases in the body, and the obese person can face severe pain and otter medical disorders in his body. The number one step to reduce Obesity in the body is by measuring body mass index and, after consulting with an official medical start Woking on reducing it through exercising and dieting.